The 1st Department of Pathology of Newborns and Premature Babies

Head of the Department: Irina Ryumina, M.D., Professor




Medical care and treatment of extremely preterm infants with very low birth weight.

The patients of the Department are the babies born at the Center and also from the other medical settings of Moscow and other regions of the country.


The Department has all necessary facilities for treatment, advanced medical care and comfortable conditions for the infants and the mothers.

The Department provides rooming-in for the mother and the baby. If rooming-in is not possible, the mother may visit, feed and have skin-to skin contact with her baby (kangaroo care) any time.

Care is provided by the team of leading neonatologists and skilled nurses.


Examination, treatment and rehabilitation of newborns with various diseases: viral, bacterial infections; diseases of the bronchopulmonary system, with congenital metabolic disorders; with pathology of the central nervous system; with hereditary diseases

  • Individual nutritional therapy of newborns and premature infants with nutritional problems, considering the dynamic changes in body composition
  • Treatment of infants with severe diabetic fetopathy born in mothers with different types of diabetes; oncological diseases, systemic lupus erythematosus, and  in those who underwent organ transplantations
  • 3-D neurosonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for examination of structural brain development and assessment of abnormalities in preterm infants with perinatal brain injury and the problems of maturation of the central nervous system 
  • Diagnostics of metabolic bone disease (MBD) in preterm infants (≤ 32 weeks of gestation)


Based on the methods of clinical and functional diagnostics of the central nervous system used in the Department, the technologies of treatment and care for extremely preterm infants are being developed with priority to non-drug techniques.

The strategies for prevention and correction of calcium and phosphorus imbalance, osteopenic conditions in premature infants, and nutritional support are being developed.


The priority is given to breastfeeding. However, in cases when the breastfeeding cannot be provided by mother, different ways of feeding with expressed breast milk or specific feeding formulas are used.

Counseling for breastfeeding is aimed to promote and support this feeding modalty as the most beneficial for the baby’s health and development.